On the basis of their ability to become financially established in Canada, a class of skilled workers who can become permanent residents is categorized by the government in a separate group known as FSW.
From January 1, 2015, the applications of FSW or Federal Skilled Worker are being assessed and processed through the program of express entry program for Canadian immigration. Eligible candidates under FSW class first need to make an EOI (Express of Interest) in immigrating to Canada by creating an Express Entry profile online.
To be eligible for Canadian immigration visa, an FSW applicant must need to:
- Have a minimum of 1-year full-time work experience in the past 10 years in a skilled occupation, or
- Have a permanent job offer from a Canadian firm and
- Have a sound knowledge of one out of two Canada’s official languages, English or French.
Moreover, Canada Federal Skilled Worker applicants must score at least 67 points based on IRCC (Immigration, Refugees and Citizenship Canada) immigration selection factors.
IRCC immigration selection factors are as follows:
- Age: Candidates can obtain up to 12 points on their age at the application time.
- Language Skills: Candidates can obtain up to 28 total points on their language skills.
- Education: Candidates can obtain up to 25 points for their formal education.
- Work Experience: Based on certain paid and skilled work experience, candidates can obtain up to 15 points. In order to qualify the work experience factor, candidates need to score at least 9 points.
- Arranged Employment: Candidates can obtain up to 10 points if they already have a job offer in their hand.
- Adaptability: Candidates can obtain up to 10 points to show that they are adaptable to moving to Canada.
As soon as, the immigration authority finds that a candidate meets all the eligibility criteria, the candidate then needs to show that he is financially strong to support him or his dependents after his arrival in Canada. At the end, candidate and his dependents must pass the medical tests as the application process of Canadian immigration.
Procession time of FSW varies from one Canadian Immigration Visa office to another.
FSW government processing fees can fluctuate with exchange rate fluctuations.
It is worth to note that the Canadian government identifies that the points awarded to the candidate under the skilled worker selection system do not adequately reflect the success probability of the candidate for establishing themselves in Canada. So Citizenship and Immigration Canada Officers sometimes use an alternate method known as “Substituted evaluation” of assessing an application. Under this method, Visa Officers make their own evaluation rules to check the likelihood of the applicant becoming economically established in Canada. By using this method, Visa Officers can accept or refuse the application, no matter how many points the applicant has achieved in the express entry program.