What is diplomacy? In layman’s language, diplomacy is a profession, activity or skill of managing international relations, typically by a country’s representatives abroad. Who conducts diplomacy? Diplomacy is conducted by a honorary consul or a diplomat after confirming acceptance of the diplomatic appointment and in case of a career diplomat, after acquiring a diplomatic passport. So where did diplomacy come from?
HISTORY OF DIPLOMACY
Diplomacy can be traced way back in history where the first reports of diplomacy were written between the pharaohs of the eightieth dynasty of Egypt and the Amuru rulers of Canaan during the 14th century BC following the battle of kaldesh in C. 1274 BC during the 90th dynasty. The pharaoh of Egypt and the ruler of the empire created one of the first known international peaces treat which survive in stone tablets fragments now generally called the Egyptian Hittite peace treaty.
EVOLUTION OF DIPLOMACY.
According to walter R. Roberts, the conduct of diplomacy has changed significantly over the past sixty years. Prior to world war two, diplomacy was essentially a government-to-government relationship. Since the war, it has broadened to include a government to foreign people connection. Now called public diplomacy one.
Much changed after the Second World War. It became acceptable, in peace times for one Government to try to influence the people of other countries and to do this from an embassy hence the birth of missions. The programs that were used for this government to people relationship originally referred to as “information and cultural programs” , changed to cultural diplomacy after it was realized that these programs were an integral of diplomacy. Those are just but a few of the evolutionary changes that took place.
ADVANAGES OF THE EVOLUTINARY DEVELOPMENT IN DIPLOMACY
Traditional diplomacy assumed that major European power had special responsibilities for maintaining world peace and the colonies had no more significant diplomatically than that of satellite. Traditional diplomacy was professional but secretive and relied on a limited cadre rather than extended diplomatic. Modern diplomacy is more open and democratic; it requires reciprocal bargains and comprises so it is not possible for diplomats to spell out a given stance in advance.
Multilateralism is increasingly evident in the practice of modern diplomacy it includes conference on summit diplomacy, with behind the scenes preparations by diplomatic officials.
The introduction of diplomatic passports made it easier to officially identify a working diplomat to authorities of other countries. The diplomatic passport is currently used by diplomats who have confirmed the acceptance of the diplomatic appointments to travel to and from diplomatic assignments and other official visits, as for conferences and consultations.
In conclusion, the evolution that has taken place in the field diplomacy has brought about many and major advantages. Passports have made it easier for host country is to identify the Honorary sent in their embassies to manage negotiations on behalf of their native countries. In addition, a diplomatic passport is a sign of prestige and it has led to many people accepting the diplomatic appointments presented to them to acquire the m.