Transportation of various substances like water, chemicals, slurries, gases, oil, and small solids is requisite in various plants and this can be accomplished using pipes. However, pipes are not merely fixed into the systems. For pipes to function properly, a deep study related to piping layout, materials required, piping stress analysis and its supports needs to carried out prior to designing a piping system. This study is termed as piping engineering. The pipes are needed in almost every industry including the oil and gas industry, wastewater industry, water supply sector, manufacturing plants, construction and many more. Thus, piping engineering forms the basis of various industries.
The candidates who aspire to become piping engineers must have the know-how of some vital concepts that need to be taken care of for efficiently designing and implementing a piping system. These are as follows:
Types of Fluids
When you are designing a piping system, you should be aware of the type of fluid that will pass through the pipes. There is different types of fluids- Ideal, Real, Newtonian, Non-Newtonian and Ideal plastic fluid. Different fluids have different properties and flow pattern, so their handling has to be done differently.
Flow of fluids and concept of Reynolds number
In pipes, the fluid has three types of flow- laminar, turbulent and transient flow. The flow pattern and Reynolds number in case of these three flows are different. Proper knowledge about the flow of fluids and their Reynolds number helps in determining piping line sizing. Furthermore, this concept also deals with pressure drop calculation which is imperative in pipe designing.
Concepts involved in computing the size the pipeline
Sizing is the most vital phase in piping engineering as oversizing or under sizing can lead to bottlenecking of the piping system. Large pipelines not only increase the operational cost but it also creates a problem in the functioning of the plant. Whereas small pipelines may consume more energy during the movement of fluids. So sizing should be done meticulously. Sizing is dependent on various factors and the basic principle involves calculating the pressure drop between the two ends. Normally, sizing is done after optimizing the cost of materials and operational cost. It is calculated by comparing the available pressure drop and the calculated pressure drop.
Concepts related to selection of pump and valves
There are two types of pumps- Centrifugal pump and Centripetal pump. Selecting the right kind of pump and valve makes the flow of fluids easy. The concepts related to the pumps and valves include the study of flow and pressure characteristics of pumps, selection of pump, optimization of the pump, types of valves, flow characteristics, and pressure drops in various valves.
Stress analysis in a pipe is essential as it predicts the stress and loads that result from weights, pressure, thermal transients and bolt-up strains. It is required in those cases where the pipes experience high-temperature fluctuations, long pipe runs, or need to carry hot water or chemicals.
So these were vital concepts for piping engineering. Having knowledge of piping engineering concepts can give you an edge over other candidates looking for a job in various sectors. You can go for piping engineering courses to brush up your skills in the domain. MIT Skills offers the best course in the domain where the subject matter is prepared by industry experts and candidates are trained through a practical approach. An Advanced Post Graduate Program in Piping Engineering with PDMS and CAESAR-II accustoms you to vital concepts and software that help in efficacious designing of the piping systems.