There are millions of people worldwide facing the vision loss problems, some are diabetes related moreover in some cases they are the main cause for the condition. The world over, there are billions of people facing such issues day in and day out, but somehow in some cases, it nearly goes undetected too. People do not realize that they have diabetic eye disease until the time it is too late for diabetic retinopathy treatment. There are some routine comprehensive tests that need to be done by the patients that can help detect such conditions in diabetic persons. It not only helps to curb the effects at large but also is extremely helpful in taking up steps to curb the effects of diabetic vision problems. Sometimes, regular eye checkup by an optometrist may also reveal the condition and they may send the person for the detailed eye examination to the experts in the field.
There are different treatments available to treat this syndrome, the laser and non-laser treatments for diabetic eye disease also highly depends on the severity of eye changes and up to the extent at which the vision problems are there.
What is Diabetic Retinopathy?
Diabetic retinopathy is the condition in which the light sensitive retina in the eyes gets damaged due to the diabetic condition. If the person has a high level of diabetes or as the condition progresses, the chronic high blood sugar levels can cause the changes that will damage the tiny blood vessels in the retina. This particular condition can make them bleed or the leak the fluid. This will finally lead to vision problems that are not corrected through the use of eyeglasses or contact lenses.
There are several factors that are considered for diabetic retinopathy treatment in India since it’s a diabetic related condition. If the person has diabetic vitreous hemorrhage, there may be chances where you require vitrectomy that can help remove the gel-like substance in the interior of the eyes. The diabetic retinopathy condition is entirely associated with the proliferation of protein like thing called as a vascular endothelial growth factor that is in the retina, it is also shortly known as VEGF. This stimulates the growth of new blood vessels in the eye that is retina that brings oxygen to the tissue because overall retinal blood circulation is not sufficient due to diabetes.
Laser treatment for Diabetic Retinopathy
The laser treatment for diabetic retinopathy usually targets to improve the damage eye tissue. Some of these laser treatments leak the blood vessels that are directly related to spot welding or the sealing of the area of the leakage. The laser treatment is usually done to internally destroy the tissue in the retina that is not functional or is giving vision problems. This is intentionally done to improve the supply of blood to the eyes veins and supply to the essential portion of the retina that can retain the eyesight.
The peripheral retina is said to be involved in the formation of VEGF that is responsible for the abnormal blood vessel formation. When these cells in the retina are destroyed, the VEGF reduces that produces abnormal retinal blood vessels. The common treatments for treating the same are focal or grid laser photocoagulation and scatter laser photocoagulation.