Fertility and Obesity: Risks to Mother and Baby Too

If you are worried about obesity during your pregnancy, you are absolutely right. You would need to know the possible risks of being obese to yourself as well as...

If you are worried about obesity during your pregnancy, you are absolutely right. You would need to know the possible risks of being obese to yourself as well as your baby at the time when you are expecting. Prevention is always better than cure. Let’s promote healthy pregnancy by being aware of some important facts.

What is obesity?

If you are obese that means you would have an excessive amount of fat in your body. The BMI (body mass index) will help us know if we are underweight, normal, overweight, obese or extremely obese. This formula is defined on the basis of calculating one’s height and weight.

Check BMI and Weight Status

BMI (Body Mass Index) Weight Status
Below 18.5 Underweight
18.5-24.9 Normal
25-29.9 Overweight
30 and higher Obese
40 and higher Extreme obesity

How can obesity affect fertility?

First of all, an obese woman may suffer from having a restrained level of ovulation that can increase the risks to fertility. With the BMI level increasing as shown in the above chart, the woman may also increase the chances of getting specific pregnancy issues.

“If you are undergoing an IVF (in vitro fertilization) treatment and are obese, you may be more likely vulnerable to affect the IVF results.”

Risks of infertility: In an obese woman.

1. Gestational diabetes

The research says “a lady with obesity may be exposed to more risks of developing diabetes than a woman who is at normal weight”.

2. Risks to delivery (beyond an expected date)

An obese woman may have more dangers of pushing further the due date of pregnancy.

3. Various infections

She may also experience various types of infections including the Urinary Track Infection as well as Post-Pregnancy Infections (in both conditions, if a child is born by c-section or is vaginally delivered).

4. Caesarean section

She may have higher possibilities of caesarean (c-section) and even several complications during c-section delivery.

5. Pregnancy loss

A woman who is obese may, unfortunately, develop more threats of miscarriage.

The risks to the health of baby:

1. Birth defects

The research says that a woman with obesity may trigger the fear of specific birth defects to the baby health.

2. Chronic conditions

An obese lady during pregnancy may also see her babies developing some chronic problems like heart disease or diabetes as they move on their adulthood.

3. Childhood obesity

It’s obvious that a pregnant woman with obesity may deliver a baby in rather a bigger size than normal with higher probabilities of body fat. It can ultimately lead to a child as growing obese.

What is an ideal weight during pregnancy?

What is an ideal weight during pregnancy?

What is the specialized care during pregnancy?

1. Perform regular prenatal visits and care.
2. Eat healthy food.
3. Keep your body active (avoid being lethargic).
4. Avoid smoking or illicit drugs (if any).
5. Go with an early diagnosis of physical irregularities (if any).


Control your weight. Stay relaxed, stress-free. Keep having the health checks for yourself and your baby to remain fit and keep your baby ever healthier!


Dr. Kanthi Bansal, MD, DGO., FICOG - The honorable director of Safal IVF India and Brij Basant Hospital Pvt Ltd.! She is an intensively trained medical professional in Assisted Reproductive Techniques (ART). She is just excellent in infertility solutions providing with the most accurate male and female fertility treatments. She has been perfectly educated with sorts of infertility diagnoses techniques. Dr. Kanthi has undertaken the most advanced training in In-Vitro Fertilization, ART, Embryology, Micromanipulation, Pre-implantation genetic diagnosis and so on. She is a frequent traveler abroad. She always believes in staying highly updated in field expertise and giving out optimum patient care. She is an author of many fantastic books including “Practical Approach to Infertility Management” and others.
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